読者です 読者をやめる 読者になる 読者になる

【35歳までに身につけておきたいEmacs】CentOS5.3にemacs23.1をインストール

emacs

emacsの門はくぐっては出て、くぐっては出てを繰り返してる。
Windowsで秀丸を最初に使ったので、そこから脱出できない。
Solaris/Linuxで作業するときには、emacsだったり、vimだったりするけど。
emacsvim使いとは到底言えないレベルだ。

emacsには慣れた方がよさそうなので、2009/5月から始まったEmacsトラノマキを
Software Designの総集編で見ながらいろいろ試してみる。
まず、CentOS5.3にemacs23.1をインストールしてみた。

ダンロード

[oc@centos5 PKG]$ wget http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/emacs/emacs-23.1.tar.gz
[oc@centos5 PKG]$ tar zxvf emacs-23.1.tar.gz
[oc@centos5 PKG]$ cd emacs-23.1

configure

[oc@centos5 PKG]$ configure
configure: error: The following required libraries were not found:
    libXpm libjpeg libgif/libungif libtiff
Maybe some development libraries/packages are missing?
If you don't want to link with them give
    --with-xpm=no --with-jpeg=no --with-gif=no --with-tiff=no
    

いきなりライブラリが足りないって怒られるし。
rpm -qiで確認すると入ってるんだけどな・・・
と思ったら必要なのは、development liibrariesか。

[oc@centos5 PKG]$ sudo yum install libXpm-devel.i386 giflib-devel.i386 libtiff-devel.i386 libjpeg-devel.i386
[oc@centos5 PKG]$ sudo yum install libXpm-devel.i386 giflib-devel.i386 libtiff-devel.i386 libjpeg-devel.i386
Loading "fastestmirror" plugin
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * epel: ftp.riken.jp
 * addons: www.ftp.ne.jp
 * pgdg83: yum.pgsqlrpms.org
 * utterramblings: www.jasonlitka.com
 * base: www.ftp.ne.jp
 * updates: www.ftp.ne.jp
 * extras: www.ftp.ne.jp
Excluding Packages from CentOS-5 - Base
Finished
Excluding Packages from CentOS-5 - Updates
Finished
Setting up Install Process
Parsing package install arguments
Resolving Dependencies
    • > Running transaction check
      • > Package libtiff-devel.i386 0:3.8.2-7.el5_3.4 set to be updated
    • > Processing Dependency: libtiff = 3.8.2-7.el5_3.4 for package: libtiff-devel
      • > Package libjpeg-devel.i386 0:6b-37 set to be updated
      • > Package libXpm-devel.i386 0:3.5.5-3 set to be updated
      • > Package giflib-devel.i386 0:4.1.3-7.1.el5_3.1 set to be updated
    • > Processing Dependency: giflib = 4.1.3-7.1.el5_3.1 for package: giflib-devel
    • > Running transaction check
      • > Package giflib.i386 0:4.1.3-7.1.el5_3.1 set to be updated
      • > Package libtiff.i386 0:3.8.2-7.el5_3.4 set to be updated
    • > Finished Dependency Resolution
Dependencies Resolved ============================================================================= Package Arch Version Repository Size ============================================================================= Installing: giflib-devel i386 4.1.3-7.1.el5_3.1 base 103 k libXpm-devel i386 3.5.5-3 base 31 k libjpeg-devel i386 6b-37 base 105 k libtiff-devel i386 3.8.2-7.el5_3.4 base 465 k Updating: giflib i386 4.1.3-7.1.el5_3.1 base 39 k libtiff i386 3.8.2-7.el5_3.4 base 306 k Transaction Summary ============================================================================= Install 4 Package(s) Update 2 Package(s) Remove 0 Package(s) Total download size: 1.0 M Is this ok [y/N]: y Downloading Packages: (1/6): giflib-devel-4.1.3 100% |=========================| 103 kB 00:00 (2/6): libtiff-3.8.2-7.el 100% |=========================| 306 kB 00:00 (3/6): giflib-4.1.3-7.1.e 100% |=========================| 39 kB 00:00 (4/6): libXpm-devel-3.5.5 100% |=========================| 31 kB 00:00 (5/6): libjpeg-devel-6b-3 100% |=========================| 105 kB 00:00 (6/6): libtiff-devel-3.8. 100% |=========================| 465 kB 00:00 Running rpm_check_debug Running Transaction Test Finished Transaction Test Transaction Test Succeeded Running Transaction Updating : libtiff ######################### [1/8] Updating : giflib ######################### [2/8] Installing: libtiff-devel ######################### [3/8] Installing: libjpeg-devel ######################### [4/8] Installing: libXpm-devel ######################### [5/8] Installing: giflib-devel ######################### [6/8] Cleanup : giflib ######################### [7/8] Cleanup : libtiff ######################### [8/8] Installed: giflib-devel.i386 0:4.1.3-7.1.el5_3.1 libXpm-devel.i386 0:3.5.5-3 libjpeg-devel.i386 0:6b-37 libtiff-devel.i386 0:3.8.2-7.el5_3.4 Updated: giflib.i386 0:4.1.3-7.1.el5_3.1 libtiff.i386 0:3.8.2-7.el5_3.4 Complete!

もう一度 configure

[oc@centos5 emacs-23.1]$ configure
        • >8 ばっさり 8<----
Configured for `i686-pc-linux-gnu'. Where should the build process find the source code? /home/oc/work/PKG/emacs-23.1 What operating system and machine description files should Emacs use? `s/gnu-linux.h' and `m/intel386.h' What compiler should emacs be built with? gcc -g -O2 -Wno-pointer-sign Should Emacs use the GNU version of malloc? yes (Using Doug Lea's new malloc from the GNU C Library.) Should Emacs use a relocating allocator for buffers? yes Should Emacs use mmap(2) for buffer allocation? no What window system should Emacs use? x11 What toolkit should Emacs use? GTK Where do we find X Windows header files? Standard dirs Where do we find X Windows libraries? Standard dirs Does Emacs use -lXaw3d? no Does Emacs use -lXpm? yes Does Emacs use -ljpeg? yes Does Emacs use -ltiff? yes Does Emacs use a gif library? yes -lgif Does Emacs use -lpng? yes Does Emacs use -lrsvg-2? no Does Emacs use -lgpm? yes Does Emacs use -ldbus? yes Does Emacs use -lfreetype? yes Does Emacs use -lm17n-flt? no Does Emacs use -lotf? no Does Emacs use -lxft? yes Does Emacs use toolkit scroll bars? yes configure: creating ./config.status config.status: creating Makefile config.status: creating lib-src/Makefile.c config.status: creating oldXMenu/Makefile config.status: creating doc/emacs/Makefile config.status: creating doc/misc/Makefile config.status: creating doc/lispintro/Makefile config.status: creating doc/lispref/Makefile config.status: creating src/Makefile.c config.status: creating lwlib/Makefile config.status: creating lisp/Makefile config.status: creating leim/Makefile config.status: creating src/config.h config.status: executing default commands creating src/epaths.h creating lib-src/Makefile creating src/Makefile

make

[oc@centos5 emacs-23.1]$ make
省略
Updating /home/oc/work/PKG/emacs-23.1/leim/leim-list.el ... done
sed -n '/^[^;]/ p' < /home/oc/work/PKG/emacs-23.1/leim/leim-ext.el >> leim-list.el
make[1]: ディレクトリ `/home/oc/work/PKG/emacs-23.1/leim' から出ます

動作確認

[oc@centos5 emacs-23.1]$ src/emacs -q

正常に起動したら、ctrl + x ctrl + cで終了

install

[oc@centos5 emacs-23.1]$ sudo make install
cd lib-src; make all                            \
          CC='gcc' CFLAGS='-g -O2 -Wno-pointer-sign ' CPPFLAGS='-D_BSD_SOURCE  ' \
          LDFLAGS='-Wl,-znocombreloc ' MAKE='make'
make[1]: ディレクトリ `/home/oc/work/PKG/emacs-23.1/lib-src' に入ります
make[1]: `all' に対して行うべき事はありません.
make[1]: ディレクトリ `/home/oc/work/PKG/emacs-23.1/lib-src' から出ます
boot=bootstrap-emacs;                         \
        if [ ! -x "src/$boot" ]; then                                     \
            cd src; make all                                    \
              CC='gcc' CFLAGS='-g -O2 -Wno-pointer-sign ' CPPFLAGS='-D_BSD_SOURCE  '         \
              LDFLAGS='-Wl,-znocombreloc ' MAKE='make' BOOTSTRAPEMACS="$boot"; \
        fi;

        • >8 ばっさり 8<----
make[1]: ディレクトリ `/home/oc/work/PKG/emacs-23.1/leim' から出ます cd lib-src; make maybe-blessmail \ MAKE='make' archlibdir='/usr/local/libexec/emacs/23.1/i686-pc-linux-gnu' make[1]: ディレクトリ `/home/oc/work/PKG/emacs-23.1/lib-src' に入ります make[1]: `maybe-blessmail' に対して行うべき事はありません. make[1]: ディレクトリ `/home/oc/work/PKG/emacs-23.1/lib-src' から出ます [oc@centos5 emacs-23.1]$ sudo make install

バージョン確認

[oc@centos5 emacs-23.1]$ which emacs
/usr/local/bin/emacs
[oc@centos5 emacs-23.1]$ emacs -version
GNU Emacs 23.1.1
Copyright (C) 2009 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
GNU Emacs comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY.
You may redistribute copies of Emacs
under the terms of the GNU General Public License.
For more information about these matters, see the file named COPYING.